Foreword By Janet Napolitano, Governor of Arizona
Table of Contents
  Miranda's Confession
  Right to Counsel
  Privilege Against Self-Incrimination
  Miranda and the Arizona Supreme Court
  Birth of the Miranda Warnings
  John Frank as Architect of the Miranda Doctrine
  John Flynn's Oral  Argument at the Supreme Court
  Gary Nelson's Oral Argument for Arizona
  Thurgood Marshall's Oral  Argument at the Supreme Court
  The Opinion
  The Miranda Warnings
  The Ongoing Debate
  The Dickerson Case
  Miranda's Global Reach

Miranda and the al Qaeda Terror

  Padilla and Hamdi
  False Confessions and the Tuscson Four
  Political Ideology and the Supreme Court
  Dickerson's Legacy
  Gideon's Legacy
  The Evolution of Miranda



Primary Sources:  Affidavits, Reports, Witness Statements,Photographs, ... and Transcripts

Asbury, Anne. Affidavit filed in United States v. John Philip Walker Lindh, U.S. Dist. Ct., Eastern Dist. of Virginia, Criminal No. 02-347A. Styled, “In Support of Criminal Complaint and Arrest Warrant.” Verification of facts regarding suspect’s admissions and waiver of Miranda rights.

Ashcroft, John. Transcript of press conference given by United States Attorney General John Ashcroft on January 15, 2002, regarding criminal charges against John Walker Lindh based on voluntary statements made to FBI.

Congressional Record. 90th Cong., 1st sess., 1967. Vol. 1120. Controlling Crime through More Effective Law Enforcement: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Criminal Laws and Procedure of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

Cooley, Carroll F., with Joseph R. Farmer. The Inside Story of Miranda - Arizona Peace Officer Standards and Training Board. 1980.

Frank, John P. Review of The New Legality - 1932--1968 (U.S. Supreme Court Decisions). 58 American Bar Association Journal 394 (1972).

 -  -  - . “Miranda Today, Appleton, Wisconsin.” Lawrence University convocation address, November 5, 1985.

Phoenix Police Departmental Reports 62-40126, November 1962; 63-07180, February 1963; 63-08380, March 1963; 74-07204, July 1974; and 76-011123, January 1976.

Smith, Darrell F. “Seminar On Miranda.” Seminar materials prepared by Smith, attorney general of Arizona, Phoenix, AZ, August 12, 1996.

Subcommittee on Criminal Justice Oversight of the Committee on the Judiciary of the United States Senate. Statement of Professor Paul G. Cassell. 86-page statement concerning the enforcement of 18 U.S.C. 3501 as of May 13, 1999.

U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee. The Clinton Justice Department’s Refusal to Enforce the Law on Voluntary Confessions under 18 U.S.C. 3501. 106th Cong., 1st sess., Senate Hearing 106237, May 13, 1999.

Personal Records, Correspondence, and Notes

Miranda, Ernest A. Materials referenced: signed “Miranda Rights Card” dated 6-13-66; Phoenix booking photos, 1960 and 1963; prison records; FBI Record No. 879313C regarding arrests and convictions between October 29, 1957, and July 16, 1974; handwritten confession signed by Ernest Miranda on March 13, 1963.

Personal Correspondence and Notes provided by: Justice Robert Corcoran, John P. Frank, Carroll F. Cooley, Peter D. Baird, Judge Barry Silverman, and Gary Nelson.

Court Filings and Records

Brennan, William, Justice. Signed memorandum to the chief justice regarding the Miranda opinion, May 11, 1966.

Judgment of Guilt and Sentence, Nos. 41497 and 41498, signed by the Hon. Yale McFate.

Maricopa County Superior Criminal Information, Nos. 41947 and 41948, filed April 16, 1963.

Northeast Phoenix Justice Court, No. 7345, criminal complaint, filed March 14, 1963.

Notice of Intent to Prove Insanity or Mental Defectiveness, filed by Alvin Moore, May 11, 1963.

Pleadings and transcripts filed in Maricopa County Superior Court, Docket No. 41498, February 15--17, 20--23, 1967, before the Hon. Laurence T. Wren.

Pleadings and transcripts filed in Maricopa County Superior Court, Docket No. 41497, 1969, before the Hon. William H. Gooding and the Hon. Philip W. Marquardt.

Pleadings and transcripts filed in the United States District Court for the District of Arizona, No. Civ 69-10, before the Hon. C. A. Muecke.

Pleadings, briefs, and opinions filed in the Arizona Supreme Court, Docket Nos. 1394, 1397, 1397-1, 1397-2, 1802.

Pleadings, briefs, and opinions filed in the United States Supreme Court, Docket No. 759, October Term, 1965, Ernesto A. Miranda, Petitioner; and Docket No. 2176, October Term, 1968, Ernesto A. Miranda, Petitioner.

Pleadings, briefs, and opinions filed in the United States Supreme Court, Docket No. 99, October Term, 2000, Dickerson v. United States of America.

Pleadings, briefs, and opinions filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, No. 99-5525.

Psychiatric Report of James M. Kilgore Jr., M.D., May 28, 1963.

Psychiatric Report of Leo Rubinow, M.D., June 4, 1963.

Reporter’s transcript of trial in Maricopa County Superior Court Docket Nos. 41497 and 41498, June 19 and 20, 1963, before the Hon. Yale McFate.

State’s Exhibit 1 in Docket No. 41498 (typed, signed confession by Ernest Miranda, witnessed by Carroll Cooley and Wilfred M. Young).

Warren, Earl, Chief Justice. Handwritten notes prepared in advance of releasing the Miranda opinion in May 1966.

Author Interview Notes and Correspondence Files

Alcorn, Marianne, Esq., Librarian, Arizona State University College of Law.

Ares, Charles, Dean, University of Arizona College of Law.

Baird, Peter, Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Bender, Paul, Dean, Arizona State University College of Law.

Blakey, Craig, Judge, Maricopa County Superior Court.

Brooks, Thomas, Judge, Coconino County Superior Court.

Cooley, Carroll, Captain, Phoenix Police Department.

Corcoran, Robert, Justice, Arizona Supreme Court.

Dowd, John, Esq., Washington, D.C.

Fish, Paul, Esq., Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Frank, John P., Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Futterman, Craig, Esq., Chicago, Illinois.

Howe, Joseph, Judge, Maricopa County Superior Court.

Jensen, Robert, Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Johns, Christopher, Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Kimerer, Michael, Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Kroll, Barry, Esq., Chicago, Illinois.

Kyl, Jon. U.S. Senator, R-Arizona.

Lee, Rex, Esq. Former solicitor general of the United States, president of Brigham Young University, deceased.

Martone, Fred. Judge, U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona and former justice of the Arizona Supreme Court.

Mauet, Tom. Professor, University of Arizona College of Law.

Mehrens, Craig, Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Moeller, John. Justice, Arizona Supreme Court.

Napolitano, Janet, Esq. Governor, State of Arizona, former Arizona attorney general.

Nelson, Gary. Arizona attorney general and judge of the Arizona Court of Appeals.

Quaife, Ron. Detective, Phoenix Police Department.

Roush, Charles, Esq. Former judge of the Maricopa County Superior Court.

Schroeder, Mary. Chief Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Siegel, Mara, Esq. Phoenix, Arizona.

Silverman, Barry, Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Storrs, Robert, Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Thinnes, Thomas, Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Turngate, Susan, Esq., Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Turoff, Larry, Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Ulrich, Paul, Esq., Phoenix, Arizona.

Wolfson, Warren, Judge. Illinois Court of Appeals.

Audio, Video, and Multimedia Materials

Cassell, Paul. Overhaul Miranda?

Focus on the Fifth: Miranda v. Arizona. FindLaw Constitutional Law Center,

Gideon v. Wainwright and Miranda vs. Arizona. Narrated by Ramsey Clark, Guidance Associates, Mt. Kisco, NY, 1986.

Grant, Michael, Moderator. Miranda v. Arizona. Panelists: Dean Paul Bender, Attorney General Gary Nelson, Assistant Attorney General Steve Twist, and Judge Rudolph Gerber, KAET, Channel 8, Arizona State University, 1987.

Gribben, Mark. All about Miranda v. Arizona - The Crime That Changed American Justice. http://www/

Guidelines for Interrogations: Waiver of Rights under Miranda, Obtaining and Proving Waiver of Rights as an Element of Durable Convictions. Narrated by Daliel J. Penofsky, Aqueduct Books, Rochester, NY, 1967.

Irons, Peter, and Stephanie Guitton, Eds. May It Please the Court - Historic Recordings of 23 Leading Supreme Court Cases. Published in conjunction with the Earl Warren Bill of Rights Project of the University of California, San Diego and the Northwest Public Affairs Network, 1993.

Warren, Earl, Chief Justice, and Justice William Brennan. Miranda Rights.

Secondary Sources—Books

Baker, Liva. Miranda: Crime, Law and Politics. NY: Antheneum Press, 1983.

Brandt, Charles. The Right to Remain Silent. NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1988.

Cohen, Stanley. Law Enforcement Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publishing, 1971.

Cray, Ed. The Big Blue Line: Police Power vs. Human Rights. NY: Coward-McCann Inc., 1967.

Dash, Samuel. Foreword to From Escobedo to Miranda: The Anatomy of a Supreme Court Decision, by Richard J. Medalie. Washington, D.C.: Lerner Law Book Company, 1996.

Dowling, Noel T., and Gerald Gunther. Constitutional Law. 7th Ed. NY: The Foundation Press, Inc., 1965.

Frank, John P. Mr. Justice Black: The Man and His Opinions. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1949.

 -  -  - . Cases on Constitutional Law. Chicago: Callaghan & Co., 1950.

 -  -  - . Cases on Constitutional Law. 2nd ed. Chicago: Callaghan & Co., 1950.

 -  -  - . Cases on the Constitution. NY: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc, 1951.

 -  -  - . The Marble Palace: The Supreme Court in American Life. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1958.

 -  -  - . American Law: The Case of Radical Reform - Lectures upon the Dedication of the Earl Warren Legal Center. NY: MacMillan Co., 1964.

 -  -  - . Justice Daniel, Dissenting. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964.

 -  -  - . The Warren Court: A Personality and Photographic Portrait of the Justices on Today’s United States Supreme Court. NY: MacMillan Co., 1964.

 -  -  - . Clement Haynsworth: The Senate and the Supreme Court. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1991.

George, James B., Jr., Stephen Glasser, and Yale Kamisar. A New Look at Confessions: Escobedo - The Second Round. Ann Arbor: Institute of Continuing Legal Education, Hutchins Hall, 1967.

Grano, Joseph D. Confessions, Truth, and the Law. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1993.

Huff, Ronald C., Rattner Arye, and Edward Sagarin. Convicted but Innocent: Wrongful Conviction and Public Policy. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1996.

Kamisar, Yale. Police Interrogation and Confessions. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1980.

Leo, Richard A., and George C. Thomas III., Eds. The Miranda Debate: Law, Justice, and Policing. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1998.

Levy, Leonard. Origins of the Fifth Amendment: The Right against Self-Incrimination. NY: MacMillan Co., 1986.

Lewis, Anthony. Gideon’s Trumpet. NY: Random House, 1964.

Medalie, Richard J. From Escobedo to Miranda: The Anatomy of a Supreme Court Decision. Washington, D.C.: Lerner Law Book Company, 1966.

Mersky, Roy, and Jenni Parrish. The Supreme Court in Current Literature Overview 1964—74. Supreme Court Historical Society, Yearbook 1977.

Milner, Neal A. The Court and Local Law Enforcement: The Impact of Miranda. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1971.

 -  -  - . Some Common Themes in Police Responses to Legal Change in Police in Urban Society. Harlan Hahn, ed. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1971.

Schafer, William J., III. Confessions and Statements. Springfield, IL. Charles C. Thomas Publishing, 1968.

Scheck, Barry, Peter Neufeld, and Jim Dwyer. Actual Innocence: Five Days to Execution, and Other Dispatches from the Wrongly Convicted. NY: Doubleday, 2000.

Simon, James F. The Center Holds: The Power Struggle inside the Rehnquist Court. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Sobel, Nathan R. The New Confession Standards, Miranda v. Arizona: A Legal Perspective, a Practical Perspective. NY: Criminal Law Bulletin, Inc., Gould Publications, 1996.

Sokol, Ronald. Law Abiding Policeman: A Guide to Recent Supreme Court Decisions. Charlottesville, NC: Michie, 1966.

Stephens, Otis H., Jr. The Supreme Court and Confessions of Guilt. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1973.

Swindler, William F. The New Legality, 1932--1968. NY: Bobbs & Merrill, 1970.

White, Welsh S. Miranda’s Waning Protections: Police Interrogation Practices after Dickerson. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001.

Wigmore, John H. Evidence in Trials at Common Law. Boston: John T. Mcnaughton Inc., 1961.

Principal Supreme Court Cases and Federal Statutes

Admissibility of Confessions       18 USC 3501 (1968)

Betts v. Brady        316 U.S. 455 (1942)

Brown v. Mississippi         297 U.S. 278 (1936)

Crooker v. California        357 U.S. 433 (1958)

Dickerson v. United States         530 U.S. 428 (2000)

Edwards v. Arizona          451 U.S. 477 (1981)

Escobedo v. Illinois 378 U.S. 478 (1964)

Fulminante v. Arizona      499 U.S. 279 (1991)

Gideon v. Wainwright       372 U.S. 355 (1962)

Harris v. New York 401 U.S. 222 (1978)

Jackson v. Denno  378 U.S. 368 (1964)

Mallory v. United States   354 U.S. 449 (1957)

Malloy v. Hogan     378 U.S. 1 (1964)

Mapp v. Ohio         367 U.S. 643 (1961)

Massiah v. United States  377 U.S. 201 (1964)

McNabb v. United States  318 U.S. 332 (1943)

Miranda v. Arizona           384 U.S. 436 (1966)

People v. Dorado   398 P.2nd 361 (1964)

Powell v. Alabama  287 U.S. 45 (1932)

Spano v. New York          360 U.S. 315 (1959)

United States v. Dickerson         166 F.2nd 667 (2000)

USA PATRIOT Act of 2001         Act. P.L. 107--56 (2001)

Law Review Articles

Alschuler, Albert W. “A Peculiar Privilege in Historical Perspective: The Right to Remain Silent.” 94 Michigan Law Review 2625, 1996.

Altman, David B. “Fifth Amendment - Coercion and Clarity: The Supreme Court Approves Altered Miranda Warnings.” 80 Criminal Law and Criminology 1086, 1990.

Bateman, Connor G. “Dickerson v. United States: Miranda Is Deemed a Constitutional Rule, but Does It Really Matter?” 55 Arkansas Law Review 1277, 2002.

Benner, Laurence A. “Requiem for Miranda - The Rehnquist Court’s Voluntariness Doctrine in Historical Perspective.” 67 Washington University Law Quarterly 59, 1998.

Blaine, Jonathan L. H. “Miranda under Fire.” 10 Seton Hall Constitutional Law Journal 1007, summer 2000.

Brennan, Timothy. “Silencing Miranda: Exploring Potential Reform to the Law of Confessions in the Wake of Dickerson v. United States.” 27 New England Journal on Criminal and Civil Confinement 253, 2001.

Caplan, Gerald M. Review of Miranda: Crime, Law and Politics, by Liva Baker. 93 Yale Law Journal 1375, 1984.

Cassell, Paul G. “Miranda’s Social Costs: An Empirical Reassessment” 90 Northwestern University Law Review 387, 1996.

 -  -  - . “The Statute That Time Forgot: 18 U.S.C. 3501 and the Overhauling of Miranda” 85 Iowa Law Review 175, 1999.

Cassell, Paul G., and Bret S. Hayman. “Police Interrogation in the 1990’s: An Empirical Study of the Effects of Miranda” 43 UCLA Law Review 839, 1996.

Cassell, Paul G., and Richard Fowles. “Handcuffing the Cops? A Thirty-Year Perspective on Miranda’s Harmful Effects on Law Enforcement” 50 [4] Stanford Law Review 1055, 1998.

Crawford, K. A. “Intentional Violations of Miranda: A Strategy for Liability” 66[8] FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 27, 1997.

Donohue, John J., III. “Did Miranda Diminish Police Effectiveness?” 50[4] Stanford Law Review 1147, 1998.

Dripps, Donald A. “Is Miranda Caselaw Really Inconsistent? A Proposed Fifth Amendment Synthesis” 17 Constitutional Commentary 19, spring 2000.

 -  -  - . “Constitutional Theory for Criminal Procedure - Dickerson, Miranda and the Continuing Quest for Broad-But-Shallow” 43 William & Mary Law Review 1, 2001.

Garrison, Arthur H. “Rehnquist v. Scalia - The Dickerson and Miranda Cases: A Debate on What Makes a Decision Constitutional” 91 American Journal of Trial Advocacy 2001.

Gerhardt, Michael. “The Rhetoric of Judicial Critique: From Judicial Restraint to the Virtual Bill of Rights” 10 William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 585, 2002.

Grano, Joseph, William H. Erickson, and Philip Johnson. “Miranda Symposium: Four Essays Critical of Miranda v Arizona” 24[2] American Criminal Law Review 193, 1987.

Hancock, Catherine. “Due Process before Miranda” 70 Tulane Law Review 2195, 1996.

Harris, Allen. “Miranda v. Arizona: Is It Being Applied?” 3[3] Criminal Law Bulletin 135, 1967.

Huh, Richard H. “Interrogation of Criminal Defendants: Some Views on Miranda v. Arizona” 35 Fordham Law Review 233, 1968.

Huitema, David. “Miranda: Legitimate Response to Contingent Requirements of the Fifth Amendment” 8 Yale Law & Policy Review 261, 2000.

Inbau, Fred E. “Police Interrogation - A Practical Necessity” 52 Journal of Criminal Law - Criminology and Police Science 16, 1961.

Ingram, Roderick R. “A Clash of Fundamental Rights: Conflicts between the Fifth and Sixth Amendments in Criminal Trials” 5 William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 299, 1996.

Kamisar, Yale. 1984 Survey of Books Relating to the Law: Crime and Punishment: Miranda the Case, the Man and the Players, by Liva Baker, 82 Michigan Law Review 1974.

 -  -  - . “Can (Did) Congress Overrule Miranda?” 4 Cornell Law Review 883, 2000.

 -  -  - . “Miranda Thirty-Five Years Later: A Close Look at the Majority and Dissenting Opinions in Dickerson” 33 Arizona State Law Journal 387, 2001.

 -  -  - . Foreword to “From Miranda to 3501 to Dickerson.” 99 Michigan Law Review 879, 2001.

Kauper, Paul G. “Judicial Examination of the Accused - A Remedy for the Third Degree” 30 Michigan Law Review 1224, 1932.

Langbein, John H. “The Historical Origins of the Privilege against Self-Incrimination at Common Law” 92 Michigan Law Review 1047, 1994.

Leiken, Lawrence S. “Police Interrogation in Colorado: The Implementation of Miranda” 47[1] Denver Law Journal 1, 1970.

Luban, David. “The Warren Court and the Concept of a Right” 34 Harvard Civil Rights--Civil Liberties Law Review 7, 1999.

Macnair, Michael R. T. “The Early Development of the Privilege against Self-Incrimination” 10 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 66, 1990.

Markman, Stephen J. “The Fifth Amendment and Custodial Questioning: A Response to ‘Reconsidering Miranda’” 54 University of Chicago Law Review 938, 1987.

 -  -  - . “Truth in Criminal Justice: The Law of Pre-trial Interrogation” 21[1] Prosecutor 23, 1987.

Mason, Christopher. “Dickerson v. United States - The Supreme Court’s Holding in Miranda v Arizona Was a Constitutional Decision That Cannot Be Overruled by an Act of Congress” 31 University of Baltimore Law Forum 57, 2000.

Medalie, Richard J., et al. “Custodial Police Interrogation in Our Nation’s Capital: The Attempt to Implement Miranda” 66 Michigan Law Review 1347, 1968.

Morgan, Edmund M. “The Privilege against Self-Incrimination” 34 Minnesota Law Review 1, 1949.

Muller, Andrew W. “Congress’ Right to Remain Silent in Dickerson v. United States - Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Miranda v. Arizona” 34 Creighton Law Review 801, 2001.

Payne, Brian K., and Victoria M. Time. “Support for Miranda among Police Chiefs: A Qualitative Examination” 1 American Journal of Criminal Justice 65, 2000.

Pearce, Gene A. “Constitutional Law - Criminal Law: The United States Supreme Court Affirms the Use of “Miranda” Rights by Police to Determine the Admissibility of Statements Made during Custodial Interrogation in Dickerson v Untied States” 77 North Dakota Law Review 153, 2001.

Pepinsky, Harold E. “A Theory of Police Reaction to Miranda v Arizona: Crime and Delinquency” 16[4] Crime and Delinquency 379, 1970.

Prebble, Amanda L. “Manipulated by Miranda: A Critical Analysis of Bright Lines and Voluntary Confessions under United States v. Dickerson” 68 University of Cincinnati Law Review 555, 2000.

Robinson, Cyril D. “Police and Prosecutor Practices and Attitudes Relating to Interrogation as Revealed by Pre- and Post-Miranda Questionnaires: A Construct of Police Capacity to Comply” 3 Duke Law Journal 425, 1968.

Schulhofer, Stephen J. “Reconsidering Miranda” 54 University of Chicago Law Review 435, 1987.

 -  -  - . “Miranda, Dickerson and the Puzzling Persistence of Fifth Amendment Exceptionalism” 99 Michigan Law Review 941, 2001.

Seeburger, Richard H., and R. Stanton Wettick. “Miranda in Pittsburgh: A Statistical Study” 29 University of Pittsburgh Law Review 1, 1967.

Seidman, Louis Michael. “Brown and Miranda” 80 California Law Review 673, 992.

Stephens, Otis H. “Police Interrogation and the Supreme Court: An Inquiry into the Limits of Judicial Policy-making” 17[2] Journal of Public Law 241, 1968.

Stephens, Otis H., Robert L. Flanders, and J. Lewis Cannon. “Law Enforcement and the Supreme Court: Police Perceptions of the Miranda Requirements” 39[3] Tennessee Law Review 407, 1972.

Ulrich, Jackie. “Criminal Procedure: The Court Distinguishes between the Sixth Amendment Right to Counsel and the Fifth Amendment Miranda Right against Self-Incrimination” 31 Washburn Law Journal 629, 2000.

White, Welsh S. “Defending Miranda: A Reply to Professor Caplan” 39 Vanderbilt Law Review 1, 1986.

Witt, James W. “Non-Coercive Interrogation and the Administration of Criminal Justice - The Impact of Miranda on Police Effectuality” 64 Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology 320, 1973.

Zeitlin, Jonathan B. “Voluntariness with a Vengeance: Miranda and a Modern Alternative” 14 St. Thomas Law Review 109, 2001.

Zeitz, Leonard, Richard J. Medalie, and Paul Alexander. “Anomie, Powerless and Police Interrogation” 60[3] Journal of Criminal Law - Criminology and Police Science 314, 1967.

Selected Print Media

1965: “High Court Will Review Rapist’s Case.” The Arizona Republic, November 23.

1966: “Danny Escobedo - Moving the Constitution into the Police Station.” Time Magazine, Vol. 87, No. 17, April 29, cover story.

1966: Miranda v. Arizona, ACLU news release, No. 207, June.

1966: “Some Moderation (Miranda Not Retroactive).” The Arizona Republic, June 23.

1967: “Homicides Increase in Chicago but Confessions Drop by 50%.” The New York Times, by Donald Janson, July 24, p. 24.

1968: “Right of Confession.” The Phoenix Gazette, January 29.

1968: “Criminal Justice: Doubts about Miranda.” Time Magazine, November 1.

1976: “Police Search for Suspect in Miranda Death.” The Arizona Republic, January 25, 1976.

1976: “Ernesto Miranda Is Killed; Subject of Landmark Case.” The Arizona Republic, February 1.

1976: “Miranda Dies of Stabbing.” Mesa Tribune, February 2.

1976: “Parole Officer Says Miranda Was Adjusting.” The Arizona Republic, February 3.

1982: “Miranda - To the High Court and Back.” The Harvard Law Record, Vol. 75, No. 6, by John Morris, October 29.

1982: “Court’s Decision Leaves Miranda in Jail.” (Part Two) The Harvard Law Record, by John Morris, November 5.

1990: “Miranda Memories.” ABA Litigation Magazine, Vol. 16, No. 2 (winter), by Peter D. Baird, p. 43.

1991: “The John J. Flynn Award.” The Defender - Arizona Attorneys Criminal Justice, by Michael Kimerer, April.

1991: “Critics Must Confess, Miranda Was the Right Decision.” The Wall Street Journal, Counterpoint, by Peter D. Baird, June 13.

1991: “The Confessions of Arturo Ernesto Miranda.” The Arizona Attorney, by Peter D. Baird, October, p. 20.

1994: “Ten People Who Changed the Way You Live - John Flynn.” American Heritage Magazine, December.

1996: “A Member of the Legal Team Recalls the Landmark Miranda Case.” Phoenix Magazine, by Peter D. Baird, June, p. 38.

1996: “Police vs. Miranda: Has the Supreme Court Really Hampered Law Enforcement?” The Wall Street Journal, by Wayne E. Green, December 15, p. 16.

1999: “High Court Should Leave Miranda Rule.” The Arizona Republic, Editorial, January 15.

1999: “Miranda Law Benefits Most Vulnerable, Needs to Stay.” The Arizona Republic, by Steve Wilson, February 2.

1999: “Miranda Rights Up for Review - Should Police Have Some Leeway?” The Arizona Republic, by Jon Kamman, December 7.

2000: “The Miranda Rule: It Works Well So Let’s Keep It.” The Arizona Daily Star, by John P. Frank, May 7.

2001: “Judges and the GOP: The Rehnquist Court, Miranda v. Arizona and Dickerson v. United States.” The Wall Street Journal, by Kenneth W. Starr, May 3.

2002: “Will [John Lindh] Walker’s Statements Be Admitted against Him?” Jurist, The Legal Education Newspaper, by Prof. Marjorie Cohn, January 18.


Miranda: The Story of America's Right to Remain Silent
Copyright © 2004, Gary L. Stuart. All rights reserved.
Available at Alibris,, Barnes and Noble, and your local bookseller
page last revised: 10/25/04